Research Reports

Research Reports 2017-03-27T10:17:16+00:00

Fiscal Year 2016

Maximizing Soil Warming and Health under Different Tillage Practices in a Corn-Soybean Rotation

Aaron Daigh, NDSU Department of Soil Science
Jodi DeJong-Hughes, University of Minnesota Extension
Abbey Wick, NDSU Department of Soil Science

There are many advantages of reducing soil tillage for building soil health.  However, reducing tillage creates concerns of yield reductions due to cool and wet soils in the poorly-drained landscape that dominates much of North Dakota and the Red River Valley.

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Plant-parasitic Nematodes on Corn and their Association with Environment Factors in North Dakota

Guiping Yan, NDSU Department of Plant Pathology

Plant parasitic nematodes are one of the major groups of parasitic organisms that can lower the yield of corn production in the United States. Very limited information exists on the occurrence of nematodes on corn in North Dakota and therefore this study surveyed 200 corn fields across 16 counties with major corn production counties being surveyed the most.

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Research and Extension at the SHARE Farm

Abbey Wick, NDSU Department of Soil Science

The Soil Health and Agriculture Research Extension (SHARE) Farm remains the premier soil health project.  Programming linked with the SHARE Farm takes place in winter months in the form of Soil Health Café Talks and a larger “end of the winter season” workshop along with a summer Annual Soil Health Field Day.

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Soil and Water Management for Corn Production

Amitava Chatterjee, NDSU Department of Soil Sciences
Aaron Daigh, NDSU Department of Soil Sciences

This long term tile drainage was located at Ron Holiday’s farm near Casselton, ND and it was initiated in summer 2013. We are comparing interactive effect of drainage (control- and open-tiled, surface drain only), crop rotation (continuous corn and corn-soybean), and tillage (chisel, strip and no-till) on corn production. In another experiment, different tile spacing (30, 40 and 50 ft) and depth (3 and 4 ft) were compared to find out which tile depth and spacing combination has the potential to maximize the yield.

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Developing a Corn Plant Pathology Program at NDSU

Andrew Friskop, NDSU Department of Plant Pathology

Diseases can be a major limiting factor in corn production in the United States and information on the prevalence of corn diseases in North Dakota is needed to help create awareness amongst growers in the state. To help develop disease management recommendations, a corn plant pathology program has been established at NDSU.

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Potassium Recalibration for Corn

David Franzen, NDSU Department of Soil Sciences

The 2015 year followed work on the project in 2014. The objective of the study is to determine the critical soil test level of potassium (K) that would define the test where above meant little value to K fertilizer would be realized, and below which would indicate K fertilizer is needed.

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Corn DDGS: A Novel Functional Material for Wood Composites

Dilpreet Bajwa, NDSU Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
Sreekala Bajwa, NDSU Dept. of Ag. and Biosystems Engineering

In recent years, corn has been widely used to produce ethanol.  Roughly for every 25.4 kg of corn processed, 8.16 kg of Dried Distillers Grains with Solubles (DDGS) and 11 liters of ethanol are produced.  The amount of DDGS produced is steadily increasing since 1990 with 35 million metric tonnes produced in 2012.

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Gluten Free Product Research Using North Dakota Corn

Neil Doty, Northern Ag Development Corporation

Northern Ag Development Corporation conducted a feasibility study analysis that employed three interrelated components: an industry and market feasibility analysis, a product and technology analysis, and a financial feasibility analysis. The study focused upon the production of milled whole corn products whose intrinsic nutritional value for human consumption is superior to individual fractionated corn constituents.

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Adding Value to Northern Corn & Wet Distillers Grains as Fertilizer

David Ripplinger, Northern Corn Development

The U.S. high fructose corn syrup price forecast has been completed.  The price of HFCS is forecast to decline by a third over the next decade.

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Multifunctional Natural Food Additive from Corn and Dried Distillers Grain

Clifford Hall, NDSU Department of Plant Sciences

The original proposal was to include the use of super critical fluid extraction as a means to recover pigments and antioxidants.  Before supercritical fluid extraction could be carried out, characterization of the DDGs was necessary to insure that the optimal extraction would be completed by Thar Technologies.

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Improving the Profitability of N Use in Corn

Joel Ransom, NDSU Department of Plant Science

The 2015 season was the first season of this two-year project. The objective of this project is to determine if fertilizer type (ESN, urea, wet distillers grain, Super U and UAN as a split) impacts fertilizer N efficiency.

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Web and App Based Nitrogen Calculators Available

D.W. Franzen, NDSU Department of Soil Science

The N calculator can be found on-line at https://www.ndsu.edu/pubweb/soils/corn/  for use with lap-top or desktop computers.

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Building a Short Season Quality Gene Pool for North Dakota Hybrids

Marcelo Carena, NDSU Department of Plant Sciences

Project activities focused on developing the next generation of short-season corn hybrids with reduced risk to farmers. We have worked toward increasing the genetic diversity from tropical and temperate regions while improving earliness, fast dry down, cold and drought tolerance, disease resistance, and ethanol and feedstock quality.

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Evaluation of Bt traits in Corn Hybrids for Control of Corn Rootworms in North Dakota

Janet J. Knodel, NDSU Department of Plant Pathology
Joel Ransom, NDSU Department of Plant Science

Northern corn rootworm (NCR), Diabrotica barberi Smith & Lawrence, and western corn rootworm (WCR), D. virgifera virgifera LeConte, are major insect pests of corn in the Midwest. Corn rootworm (CRW) larvae damage plants by feeding on roots, which results in plant lodging and reduced yields.

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Conservation Cropping Systems Project Corn Plots

Kelly Cooper, NDSU Carrington Research Extension Center

Dr. Dwayne Beck, farm manager of the Dakota Lakes Project in South Dakota commented last winter that tillage is like to soil, what fracking is to oil production. One little problem, when you get done pumping the oil out, you go elsewhere.

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Influence of Soil Salinity Gradients on Corn and Pest Infestation

Jason Harmon, NDSU Department of Entomology
Abbey Wick, NDSU Department of Soil Sciences

Previous research has shown corn sensitivity to soluble salts in the soil; however, this research has not been completed specifically for ND soils or for the specific salt types found in ND soils.  In the first year of this study, we evaluated corn response to salinity and resulting pest pressure responses in the greenhouse.  The second and third years of this study were completed in the field to determine if the results from the greenhouse study held true in the “real world.”

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Technical Support for a Revised Corn Hybrid Testing Program in North Dakota

Joel Ransom, NDSU Department of Plant Sciences

The 2015 season was the second season of testing within the newly revised and equipped corn hybrid testing program. Funds under this project are primarily used to support a research specialist who handles the day to day operations of this program that focuses on the eastern portion of North Dakota and northwestern Minnesota.

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Corn Production Optimization with Distillers Grains

Jasper Teboh, NDSU Carrington Research Extension Center

Farmers in North Dakota have been asking if the co-products, condensed distillers solubles (CDS) and wet distillers grains (WDGs) from corn ethanol production can be used as viable sources of fertilizer.

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Increasing Cornstalk Use by Pregnant Cows and Improving Calf Health through Strategic Supplementation of Distiller’s Grains

Marc Bauer, NDSU Department of Animal Science

On day 201 of pregnancy, 27 aged cows were divided randomly into a control group (CON; n = 15) or a supplemented group (SUP; n = 12) and provided the same basal diet of corn stover and silage for ad libitum intake. Supplemented cows were additionally fed DDGS at 0.3% of body weight.

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Corn Residual Derived Carbon Nanosheets for High Volume Battery and Super-capacitor using Microwave Irradiation

Long Jiang, NDSU Department of Mechanical Engineering

Carbonaceous materials have been widely used to produce electrodes used in energy storage devices such as supercapacitors and batteries. Activated carbon, a traditional carbonaceous material that is commonly used in commercial storage devices, only offers limited energy densities due to its low electrical conductivity and low accessible surface area.

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Wet Distillers Grains as Fertilizer – Economic and Environment

David Ripplinger, Northern Corn Development

Preliminary economic and environmental models that estimate the value and greenhouse gas intensity of wet distillers grains used as fertilizer have been constructed.

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Effects of Fat Level in Distillers Grain

Vern Anderson, NDSU Carrington Research Extension Center

Treatments were: 1) Modest fat ddgs (8-9%) fed with corn based growing and finishing diets;  2) Modest fat ddgs (8-9%) fed with barley based growing and finishing diets; 3) Low fat ddgs (4-5%) fed with corn based growing and finishing diets; 4) Low fat ddgs (4-5%) fed with barley-based growing and finishing diets.

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Development of a Bio-Fiber Composite Building/Landscaping Material with DDGS/Corn Fiber

Pankaj Pandey, NDSU Dept. of Ag. and Biosystems Engineering
Dilpreet Bajwa, NDSU Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
Sreekala Bajwa, NDSU Dept. of Ag. and Biosystems Engineering

This project investigates the application of fibers from Distiller’s Dried Grains with Solubles (DDGS) and corn hull as alternate raw materials in natural fiber filled polymer composites used in the building and landscaping industries. These sectors are currently served by wood plastic composites (WPC) that use wood fiber as the filler.

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Fiscal Year 2015

Conservation Cropping Systems Project

Kelly Cooper, NDSU Carrington Research Extension Center

The Conservation Cropping Systems Project (CCSP) is located on a 130-acre tract of farm land two miles south of Forman, ND along Highway 32.  A 14 member Board of Directors composed of local producers in northeastern South Dakota and southeastern North Dakota advises the CCSP staff.   Diverse crops are grown in 15 rotations that range from one to six years under no-till, mechanical strip till, bio- strip-till, shank and disk drill cropping systems.

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Developing Treatments of Interest to Producers at the SHARE Farm

Abbey Wick, NDSU Department of Soil Sciences
Frank Casey, NDSU School of Natural Resource Sciences

Assessing management practices of interest to producers in North Dakota is a primary objective of the SHARE farm. Producers expressed interest in the effects of tiling on both soil health and other components of the agricultural system (yields, weeds, pests, pathogens, economics).

Acquisition of 1412 Photoacoustic Multi-gas Monitor

Shafiqur Rahman, NDSU Dept. of Ag. and Biosystems Engineering

Ruminant livestock is the predominant source of enteric methane emissions to the atmosphere, whereas manure storage and treatment are the primary sources of methane and N2O emissions resulting from manure management

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Building a Short-Season Quality Gene Pool for the Next Generation of North Dakota Corn Hybrids

Marcelo Carena, NDSU Department of Plant Sciences

Project activities focused on developing the next generation of short-season corn hybrids with reduced risk to farmers. We have worked toward increasing the genetic diversity from tropical and temperate regions while improving earliness, fast dry down, cold and drought tolerance, disease resistance, and ethanol and feedstock quality.

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Rehydrating Methods for Dry Corn to Enhance Animal Performance and Carcass Quality of Growing and Finishing Feedlot Cattle

Chanda Engel, NDSU Carrington Research Extension Center

Corn is a primary grain source for feeding cattle and is commonly processed by dry rolling in northern regions where the cold weather makes steam flaking a significant challenge. Tempering is a process in which water is added to corn prior to processing, to increase moisture content and improve rolling consistency. Typically, tempering is done with water but commercial surfactants are available and have been reported to have positive effects, when used with water.

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Nutrient Content of DDGs from Three Ethanol Plants

Larry Cihacek, NDSU Department of Soil Science

Recent issues with availability of rail capacity for transportation of distillers grains (DGs) away from regional ethanol plants has resulted in individual plants, at times, stockpiling the DGs.

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Feasibility of Developing a Whole Grain Corn-based Dry Mill Facility in North Dakota

Neil C. Doty, Northern Ag Development Corporation

Northern Ag Development Corporation conducted a feasibility study analysis that employed three interrelated components: an industry and market feasibility analysis, a product and technology analysis, and a financial feasibility analysis. The study focused on the production of milled whole corn products with intrinsic nutritional value for human consumption that was superior to individual fractionated corn constituents.

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Animal Science Beef Production Internship: Investing in Future Corn Consumers

Chanda Engel, NDSU Carrington Research Extension Center

In both 2013 and 2014 an animal science student who was in between their freshman and sophomore or sophomore and junior year in a bachelor’s of science program, at NDSU, were interviewed and employed in a beef production internship at the NDSU Carrington Research Extension Center (CREC).

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Multi-functional Natural Food Additive from Corn and Dried Distillers Grains

Clifford Hall, NDSU Department of Plant Sciences
Frank Manthey, NDSU Department of Plant Sciences

Scot Pryor, NDSU Dept. of Ag. and Biosystems Engineering

The goals of this project were to characterize the functionality of SF-CO2 and solvent extracts of corn and DDGs in cereal- based food systems.

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Sensing Earth Environment Directly (SEED) Sensor

Cherish Bauer-Reich, NDSU Center for Nanoscale Science and Engineering

A common issue causing reduced corn yields is salinity.  Salinity can be difficult to manage due to changing levels within a field and with depth.  A proposed solution to this problem is a biodegradable sensor that can be placed directly in the ground to provide real-time information about salinity conditions.

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Evaluation of Bt traits in Corn Hybrids for Control of Corn Rootworm in North Dakota

Janet J. Knodel, NDSU Department of Plant Pathology
Joel Ransom, NDSU Department of Plant Sciences

Mark Boetel, NDSU Department of Entomology

Northern corn rootworm (NCR) and western corn rootworm (WCR) are major insect pests of corn in the Midwest. Corn rootworm larvae damage plants by feeding on roots, which results in plant lodging and reduced yields. Corn producers have adopted the strategy of planting rootworm Bt hybrids to manage corn rootworm.

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