News Releases

3 Dec

Many Factors Influence Corn Test Weight

2019-12-03T07:44:48-06:00December 3rd, 2019|General Information, News Releases, North Dakota Corn Utilization Council|

by Dr. Kenneth J. Hellevang; NDSU Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering

Poor growing and harvesting conditions this year have North Dakota producers concerned about the test weight of their corn.

“Many factors influence the measured test weight of corn, including the physical characteristics of the kernel such as size, density, shape and surface of the kernel,” says Ken Hellevang, North Dakota State University Extension agricultural engineer. (more…)

27 Nov

2019 Corn Harvest – Frequently Asked Questions

2019-11-27T11:08:29-06:00November 27th, 2019|News Releases, North Dakota Corn Growers Association|

Q: What should the insured do if there are unharvested acres of corn at the calendar date for the end of insurance period (EOIP), which is September 30th for silage and December 10th for grain?

A: File a timely notice of loss with their crop insurance agent for any damage due to an insurable cause of loss on or before the calendar date for the EOIP for all unharvested corn, which may result in the following determination(s) by Approved Insurance Providers (AIP) in accordance with the Risk Management Agency’s (RMA) procedures:

  • AIPs may authorize policyholders, on a case-by-case basis, more time to attempt to harvest the crop so claims can be settled based on harvested production in accordance with subparagraph 702B of the Loss Adjustment Manual Standards Handbook (LAM). An AIP may allow additional time to harvest when the following conditions are met:
    • The insured provides a timely notice of loss to their crop insurance agent;
    • The AIP determines and documents that the delay in harvest was due to an insured cause of loss;
    • The insured demonstrates that harvest was not possible due to insured causes; and
    • The delay in harvest was not because the insured did not have sufficient equipment or manpower to harvest the crop by the EOIP.
  • AIPs may make final inspections in accordance with paragraph 702 of the AIPs will account for all insured acres of the crop that were harvested or unharvested and appraised. This will include applying quality adjustment as outlined in the Coarse Grains Crop Provisions (CP), applicable State/County Special Provisions, and the Corn Loss Adjustment Standards Handbook.
  • AIPs may require the insured to leave representative sample areas in accordance with paragraph 924 of the Representative sample areas are used when deferred appraisals (subparagraph 921B of the LAM) are required and the insured requests immediate release of the acreage.
  • AIPs may settle claims based on the appraisal from the remaining unharvested acres. Follow LAM procedure regarding final disposition of a crop.


Q: Can an insured harvest past the calendar date for the EOIP?

A: Yes. The AIP may authorize additional time to complete loss adjustment due to an insured peril preventing harvest by the calendar date for the EOIP, including additional time to harvest the crop on a case-by-case basis, as explained above.


Q: Is the insured required to harvest all corn acreage in order for the AIP to complete the claim?

A: No, AIPs may complete a claim based on an appraisal of unharvested acreage in accordance with subparagraph 921A of the LAM.


Q: What if an insured cannot mechanically harvest the crop acreage due to an insurable cause of loss?

A: Subparagraph 921D of the LAM includes procedure for determining unable to mechanically harvest. No production will be counted for acreage that is determined unable to mechanically harvest. If mechanical harvest is feasible with normal harvest methods/equipment on any portion of the unharvested acreage, the AIP can appraise and count only the production that could have been mechanically harvested. Wet field conditions, snow covered fields, or inaccessible roads/bridges that prevent harvest of the crop by the calendar date for the EOIP does not mean the acreage can never be mechanically harvested with normal harvest methods/equipment. This may only be a temporary condition. Likewise, the fact that it would cost more to harvest the crop than the crop is worth does not constitute that the insured is unable to mechanically harvest the crop.


Q: Can AIPs use harvested production from representative sample areas for appraised production and to obtain samples for quality adjustment determinations?

A: Yes, subparagraph 921C of the LAM allows for harvested representative sample appraisals.


Q: If the acreage is appraised (vs. harvested) and put to another use, what effect is there on the Actual Production History (APH) database?

A: Refer to subparagraph 1304E of the Crop Insurance Handbook FCIC-18010. For any unharvested acreage, appraised potential production is included on the production report and used in the APH database. If acreage of the crop was destroyed/put to another use and an appraisal of the potential production was not made (not requested for APH database purposes or no claim), the production report will indicate the planted acres and a “zero” yield.


Q: Does quality adjustment include discounts for the moisture content of corn grain?

A: There are no quality discounts for moisture content. If moisture adjustment is applicable, it will be made prior to any adjustment for quality in accordance with section 11(d) of the Coarse Grains CP. Section 11(d) of the Coarse Grains CP specifies that corn production to count will be reduced by 0.12 percent for each 0.1 percentage point of moisture in excess of fifteen percent (15%), and if moisture exceeds thirty percent (30%), production will be reduced by 0.2 percent for each 0.1 percentage point of moisture in excess of thirty percent (30%).


Q: If corn grain has a test weight of 44.00 to 48.99 (on the discount factor chart in Section A of the Special Provisions) with no other eligible quality discounts, can the quality discount be determined by a reduction in value (RIV) if the corn grain is sold?

A: In accordance with the Special Provisions, the quality discount is determined by the discount factor chart in Section A of the Special Provisions for the applicable county and a RIV discount is not an option. See the following example test weight discount factor chart for reference:


Q: An insured’s corn grain production is damaged due to an insurable cause of loss and the production is rejected by the elevator/buyer due to low test weight. Is the damaged corn grain production eligible for an indemnity when there is no buyer for the production?

A: Every reasonable effort should be made by the insured and the AIP to find a market for the damaged corn grain production including:

  • A determination if there are buyers outside of the local marketing area;
  • Determination if livestock feeding operations or other types of salvage buyers are willing to buy the damaged production; and
  • Fair consideration to deliver production to a market outside the insureds local marketing area (distant market) is equal to or greater than the production’s value at the distant market.

If a market still cannot be found for the damaged production, the AIP can make zero market value determinations in accordance with subparagraph 1102H of the LAM. A zero market value determination by the AIP will result in zero production to count for claims purposes, if the production is destroyed in an acceptable manner.


Q: Does zero market value procedure in the Special Provisions apply if the corn grain test weight is on the discount factor chart in Section A (44.00 through 48.99) and no viable salvage market can be found?

A: Zero market value procedure applies if the AIP determines there are insured quality deficiencies and there is no salvage market. However, if the corn grain test weight is 49.00 and above (having no insured quality deficiencies), then zero market value procedure would not be applicable.


Q: If the AIP determines there is zero market value production due to insured quality deficiencies, does the production have to be destroyed?

A: Production must be destroyed in an acceptable manner in order to receive the discount factor of 1.000 (zero production to count for claim purposes). If production is not destroyed, discount factors will be determined in accordance with Section D of the Special Provisions.


Q: Are there specific quality adjustment procedures when the edible portion of a crop is exposed to flood waters?

A: In accordance with Section C of the Special Provisions, if the edible portion of a crop is exposed to flood waters it is considered adulterated and should not be used for feed and food:


“The Food and Drug Administration guidelines state when an edible portion of a crop is exposed to flood waters, it is considered adulterated and can be injurious to human or animal health and should not be used for feed or food.  For acreage of an insured crop in which the edible portion of the crop has been exposed to flood waters, such production is considered to contain substances or conditions qualifying under Section C3 with a level exceeding the maximum amount allowed.  Such production is not required to be sampled and tested by an approved laboratory.  Whether you intend to harvest or not harvest such acreage, you must give us notice to inspect the crop.  Such production will be considered to have zero market value if destroyed in an acceptable manner.  Refer to Section D.  If you harvest production from such flood-damaged acreage and commingle with production from acreage not damaged by flood, such commingled production will not be adjusted for any quality deficiencies listed in Section C.”

20 Nov

ND Corn Growers Association Participates in Northey and Barbre Roundtables

2019-11-20T14:19:42-06:00November 20th, 2019|News Releases, North Dakota Corn Growers Association|

The North Dakota Corn Growers Association (NDCGA) continues to actively work on solutions to problems farmers are facing throughout North Dakota. In the last two weeks, our board members and staff have met with our Congressional Delegation, numerous state leaders, and USDA officials Under Secretary Bill Northey and RMA Administrator Martin Barbre.

NDCGA continually seeks solutions to the challenges corn producers face, and is looking ahead to how the organization can better frame future risk management policies that address the perils producers face.

President Randy Melvin attended a roundtable meeting in Argusville, ND with Under Secretary Northey, Senators Hoeven and Cramer, and other elected officials. Discussions centered around poor harvest conditions due to flooding and an early blizzard. Senator Hoeven announced that USDA Secretary Sonny Perdue has approved North Dakota’s request for a secretarial disaster designation for 47 counties; this will enable these counties to be eligible for WHIP+ aid. President Randy Melvin said, “the North Dakota Corn Growers thank Under Secretary Northey for coming to North Dakota and seeing the challenges we are facing. We are thankful for Northey’s response and openness to the ideas to improve risk management programs to help mitigate stress for producers.”

Vice President Paul Thomas attended the roundtable with RMA Administrator Barbre in Minot last Monday. The meeting focused on RMA’s flexibility with crop insurance adjustors and crop insurance premiums. On Thursday, November 14, RMA announced it would “continue to defer accrual of interest for 2019 crop year insurance premiums” in order to assist producers affected by adverse weather. Thomas asked for changes including: adding counties that currently do not have crop insurance coverage in North Dakota to become eligible, remove the 2019 crop year prevented plant acres from the 1 in 4 rule nationwide due to the unprecedented wet conditions. He also asked for RMA to work with private insurance providers to maintain flexibility on a farm by farm basis as the harvest deadline approaches. Thomas requested RMA develop an insurance product that allows farmers to take enterprise unit coverage on a smaller scale. 

The North Dakota Corn Growers Association (NDCGA) is the farmer-led membership organization focusing on policy that impacts North Dakota corn producers. The NDCGA board of directors consists of 14 growers from seven districts along with two at-large directors.


19 Nov

Pink at the Pump® Campaign Supports Breast Cancer Awareness

2019-12-06T13:32:30-06:00November 19th, 2019|News Releases, North Dakota Corn Utilization Council|

BISMARCK, N.D. – By choosing Unleaded88, a higher-octane fuel containing 15 percent ethanol and 85 percent gasoline, drivers across North Dakota helped raise $1,600 for breast cancer awareness as part of the 2nd annual Pink at the Pump® campaign, co-sponsored by the North Dakota Ethanol Council and North Dakota Corn Utilization Council.

Sixteen North Dakota retail stations offering Unleaded88 participated in this promotion by donating three cents of every gallon of Unleaded88 sold from Oct. 1 through Oct. 31 to North Dakota Women’s Way.

“We are grateful to be the recipient of Pink at the Pump® promotion. The funds will be used to extend our reach to women across North Dakota,” says Susan Mormann, North Dakota Women’s Way director. North Dakota Women’s Way provides a way to pay for most breast and cervical cancer screening services for eligible North Dakota women and promotes early detection of breast and cervical cancer through provision of screening services to eligible women.

“Petro Serve USA stations across the state welcomed the opportunity to be part of this campaign for North Dakota,” says Kent Satrang, Petro Serve USA CEO. “We are honored to contributing to Women’s Way knowing the great work it is doing on early detection of breast cancer.”

“North Dakota’s corn growers are proud to be a partner in this effort,” says Terry Wehlander, North Dakota Corn Utilization Council chairman. “Ethanol is the world’s cleanest source of fuel octane. By choosing Unleaded88 during October, consumers fought breast cancer at the pump while supporting North Dakota’s corn farmers.”

Unleaded88 is a fuel blend containing 15 percent ethanol, just five percent more ethanol than E10, the most commonly used fuel in the U.S. Unleaded88 is often sold at a 5- to 10-cent per-gallon discount to E10 and is approved by the Environmental Protection Agency for use in all 2001 and newer vehicles.


Contact: Deana Wiese, NDEC Executive Director

13 Nov

Tell the EPA to Follow Through on RFS Commitment

2019-11-13T14:28:54-06:00November 13th, 2019|News Releases, North Dakota Corn Growers Association|

On October 4, President Trump announced an agreement that directed the EPA to follow the law and keep the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) whole, using the three-year average of renewable fuel gallons actually waived by the EPA, to account for waivers going forward.
The EPA has proposed to use a three-year average of the Department of Energy’s (DOE) recommended waivers, rather than the three-year average actually waived by the EPA as promised. While the EPA has correctly proposed to project waived gallons in the 2020 RFS volumes and future years, the projection does not reflect the EPA’s record on waivers. The EPA has consistently waived nearly twice as much as the DOE recommends. Good intentions do not provide certainty. Without a binding commitment the RFS will be kept whole, this rule gives the EPA free reign to change direction at any time.
The recent expansion of RFS waivers has reduced RFS requirements by more than 4 billion gallons over three years. In the past marketing year, corn use for ethanol production has fallen by 229 million bushels. EPA’s proposal to redistribute future waived gallons is half of what President Trump committed to.
Tell the EPA to follow and uphold the RFS. The deadline for comments is November 29. Please send your comment to the EPA today!


5 Nov

Agriculture, Biofuel Groups Ask President Trump to Fix Small-Refinery Exemptions Proposal

2019-11-05T13:12:08-06:00November 5th, 2019|News Releases, North Dakota Corn Growers Association|

A group of 60 agriculture and biofuel groups sent a letter on Monday, November 4 to the White House calling on President Trump to fix a flawed proposal from the Environmental Protection Agency.

Read the full letter here: Agriculture, Biofuel Groups Ask President Trump to Fix Small-Refinery Exemptions Proposal

25 Oct

Improving Salinity and Waterlogging Stress Resilience in Corn

2019-10-28T08:43:37-05:00October 25th, 2019|General Information, North Dakota Corn Utilization Council|

by Kalidas Shetty and Dipayan Sarkar; NDSU Plant Science Department

Corn is an important commodity crop of North Dakota and corn industry is a major contributor to the state’s economy. Addressing different production challenges of corn growers to improve overall productivity and profitability is essential for growth and sustainability of corn industry. Corn growers of North Dakota are facing increasing challenges from several abiotic stresses, such as salinity, drought, waterlogging, and heat stress.

10 Oct

ARC/PLC Decision Making Information

2019-10-10T16:28:49-05:00October 10th, 2019|General Information, News Releases, North Dakota Corn Growers Association|


Last December, a new Farm Bill was signed and put into place. Since then, programs continue to be implemented and updated. Two of the programs are the Agriculture Risk Coverage (ARC) and Price Loss Coverage (PLC) programs. Producers will have until March 15, 2020 to sign up for either program for the 2019 crop year.

The links below are from sources we think will give you the necessary information and tools needed to make an informed decision about which program is best for you.

ARC/PLC Press Release


ARC/PLC Updated Information

ARC/PLC Program Data

ARC/PLC Library

ARC/PLC Fact Sheet

2014 vs. 2018 Farm Bill


FSA Programs and Services

Commodity Fact Sheets

ND county FSA offices will be conducting producer meetings November – February. When you make an appointment, the county will need to know which program you’d like to enroll your farm in (PLC, ARC-CO, ARC-IC) and have yield information available if you plan to update your PLC yield in 2020.

*The use of these links does not equate to an endorsement of the news article, source, or product.

26 Sep

Disaster Aid Information

2019-09-26T14:43:36-05:00September 26th, 2019|General Information, News Releases, North Dakota Corn Growers Association|

Hello! Here, you will find Wildfire and Hurricane Indemnity Program Plus (WHIP+) disaster aid information.

If you follow this link you will find a map of North Dakota and the counties where disasters were declared on June 12, 2019. The counties are: Pembina, Walsh, Grand Forks, Traill, Steele, Cass, Barnes, Richland, Ransom, Sargent, LaMoure, Dickey, Emmons, Morton, Grant, Hettinger, Adams, and McKenzie.

The type of aid available in these counties is WHIP+. WHIP+ provides disaster payments to producers to offset losses from hurricanes, wildfires, and other qualifying natural disasters that occurred in 2018-19. This covers the losses of crops, trees, bushes, and vines that occurred as a result of those disaster events. This will provide assistance for yield-based and value loss crops that suffered losses prior to harvest. WHIP+ payments for crop losses only covers production losses, not quality losses. Eligible crops include those where crop insurance or NAP coverage is available. If your county received a Presidential or Secretarial Emergency Disaster Declaration or one or more of the qualifying disaster events, you are eligible for aid. However, if you are outside the disaster declaration, you may still be eligible, but you will need to supply additional/supporting documents. These are determined by a county committee; contact your local FSA office for more information.

WHIP+ will now include programs for both milk losses due to adverse weather conditions and to on-farm stored commodities.

The amount of aid you can receive is dependent on your average adjusted gross farm income (AAGFI). Under WHIP+, a person cannot receive more than $125,000 in payments if the AAGFI is less than 75 percent of their AAGFI for 2015, 2016, & 2017. However, if at least 75 percent of your adjusted gross income is from farming, and necessary documentation is provided, you could be eligible to receive up to $250,000 per crop year under WHIP+ payments.

WHIP+ payments will take into consideration the difference between the expected value of the crop and the actual value of the crop as a result of the disaster event. This will be determined by FSA using crop insurance or NAP prices. Payments under WHIP+ cannot exceed 90 percent of the total losses for those individuals with crop insurance. For those without crop insurance or NAP, the total amount of payments received under WHIP+ cannot exceed 70 percent of the total losses for 2018-19. Production for crop losses is based on the verifiable or reliable production records for that crop year.

It is important to note that the AGI payment limitations that are required under WHIP+ do not apply to prevent plant (PP) payments. WHIP+ is for crops that were damaged after being planted and prevent plant payments are for those that were not able to plant at all due to flooding or disaster related events. PP will be administered in the same way as other Federal crop insurance programs. If you purchased crop insurance and were unable to plant due to a weather-related disaster, you are eligible for PP payments. Under prevent plant, individuals will receive 15% for those with revenue protection, except those who select the harvest price exclusion option and 10% for those who do not have revenue protection. This will be determined by the crop insurance you purchased.

If you receive WHIP+ payments, you will be required to purchase crop insurance for the next 2 available crop years.

Applications should be submitted to your county FSA office. FSA offices are now accepting applications. To learn more about WHIP+ plus and the application material required, please visit

Please contact our office with any questions at 701-566-9322 or email .

Thank you!